Whilst studying, one should focus fully to the task at hand and seek to understand the material being taught. If one does not learn things in the right spirit, such knowledge merely superficial and useless!
What is the point of learning things half heartedly and memorizing things without understanding? Such knowledge is worst than none at all! Here is what Hong Yingming has to say about studying!
Doing Things in the Right Spirit
For the person who would study
It is necessary to collect one’s spirit
And to apply oneself in earnest
But if in cultivating virtue
There remains any idea of merit or fame
Learning will invariably amount to nothing
And if in reading books
There is a tendency towards recitation and stylishness
Surely, there will be nothing in the depths of the heart!